T R U T O N
by Kalman Klim Brattman
Give me the simplest form of matter and motion,
and I will construct, out of them, the world of Nature.
"Give me matter, and I will construct a world out of it."
Immanuel Kant, Kant's Cosmology
("Universal Natural History and Theory Of Heavens")
10. On Primons --the Primal Particles of Nature
 


Holeons in
a baseholon.

   .

In a previous page, we have seen, through the
1st FUTOS, how a spinning solid xenobase (XB) mass was able to be transformed into a permanent spinning xenofluid (XF) mass --the spinoflon (sFL). Now, in Prena, we have recognized that the most general gliding base-level blocks are not the solid XB-blocks, but are the baseholons (BHLs) that are XB-blocks that contain in them "holes" of xenovoid (XV) called holeons (Øs), figure at left. Some of the baseholons (BHLs), in their gliding motions, will collide one into another or collide with other gliding XB-blocks or gliding spinoflons (sFLs). The collisions --the master agents of Creation that are at an angle are the most interesting ones because they will generate a spin --the primal tool of Creation.

It is the scope of this page to investigate such a spinning baseholon (BHL), called spinoholon (sHL), and focus our attention on its holeons (Øs) to investigate INTO WHAT they can transform into. That investigation of the holeon transformation is indeed most fundamental as from there, and nowhere else, all primary particles of Nature --the primons (PRIMs) must emerge.
Because
primons (PRIMs) reside at the baselevel (BALE) line of Nature, alternatively they are called baselons (BALs).


PASS
SLOWLY
AND WITH
MUCH CARE

  

In studying the transformation of a holeon (Ø) in a newly formed
spinoholon (sHL), two cases can be distinguished:
   i) one, where the axis of spin (AOS) of
sHL is in the interior of the holeon (Ø); and
 ii) the other, where it is not.

To the holeon's surface , we can associate two (2) facets:

• one, towards the interior facing the void or the xenovoid (XV) of the interior of Ø --the inner facet denoted with i; and
• the other, towards the exterior of Ø facing its surrounding environment --the
external facet denoted with e.


As the
baseholon (BHL) begins to spin transforming itself first into an embryonal and then into a developed spinoholon (sHL), two (2) corresponding distinct phases emerge to exist as described in the 1st FUTOS: the nano and the perma phases respectively, with the 1st phase corresponding to the inception of the spin that accelerates and lasts until it reaches its permanent constant speed level, followed by its 2nd phase that is characterized by its reached constant speed level.

Now, in this study, our interest is studying how a holeon (Ø) transforms and evolves from its original state of existence into its ultimate form of existence.


CASE i): AOS inside Ø.
(Note: The original holeon Ø can be of any shape and thus not necessarily the one represented in here in the blue contour.)

As the baseholon (BHL) begin to spin, by the 1st FUTOS, two inertial body forces begin to act concomitantly: the radial centrifugal (CF) force and, the transversal Euler (EUL) force. By the Parallelogram Rule, the combination of those inertial body forces will generate the introduced slantifugal (SF) force.

That SF-force, now in the nano phase, will push-in the holeon's surface transforming first its xenobase (XB) surface into the thinnest xenofluid surface --the xenothin (XT) surface.

Now, in this nano phase of the spinoholon's life, the internal facet i of that XT-surface will begin advancing inwards by the DownFall (DOFA) law while its external facet e will stay put (as being part of the spinoholon's xenofluid that is subject to the global influence dictated by XEBA.

A divergent picture begins to emerge in the nano phase (and preserved in the perma phase) through this twofold scenario with respect to the internal (i) and external (e) facets of the holeon's XT-surface () as follows:

i) on one hand, its internal facet i, as it begins to shrink by DOFA, will leave behind a xenobase (XB) cushion called the xenobase buffer zone and denoted as XB-BUZO. As the internal facet i advances inwards and shrinks, its accumulated surface density is being consumed by the ever expanding volume of the XB-BUZO left behind.

As such, at the very beginning of its shrinkage, its surface density is at its bottom value being the xenobase (XB) surface. However as the shrinkage of the internal facet i continues unabated, its surface density begins to increase due to the decrease of the XB-BUZO's expansion.

The shrinkage ofi cannot go indefinitely and it will stop when its surface density reaches its critical maximum value dictated by its acquired resistance to compression (RECO). The internal facet i is said now to have become saturated transforming itself into a xenogel (XG) surface.

ii) on the other hand, because of the dominance of the CF-force that springs from the interior of the holeon (Ø), its external facet e will be able to stay put and acquire through XEBA its corresponding xenofluid (XF) surface density.

The resultant that emerges from the above twofold scenario is as follows:


Bufferlon
(BUFF)
aka Electron

 .

A physical point (to be differentiated from a mathematical point), called pointelon, has been created whose surface is xenogel (XG) and whose interior is a minute xenovoid (XV).

That newly assembled formation of a pointelon surrounded by a XB-BUZO, called bufferlon (BUFF), is the today's called electron whose name was first introduced in 1894 by George Johnstone Stoney to denote the "atoms of electricity." Therefore, the pointelon represents the core of the electron while the surrounding XB-BUZO is what is known today as the the electron's charge or load.

Therefore, the pointelon represents the core of the electron while the surrounding XB-BUZO is what is known today as the the electron's charge or load.

Thus, the emerging structure of the electron is that it has a core (vested in the pointelon) surrounded by a charge or load (vested in its surrounding XB-BUZO).

Foundational Remark:
The pointelon just introduced is in TRUTON a foundational element and, as such, before going any further, we make below this foundational detour:

.DO NOT OVERPASS: FOUNDATIONAL DETOUR ON THE POINTELON

1st

|PASSAGE|

On the Physical and not Mathematical Substratum of Nature 

Before continuing with this study, it is perhaps appropriate to stop here and enter into a small, but most important foundational detour by noting that in TRUTON, always a differentiation is being made between the mental mathematical world (or any other mental world) and the real physical world of Nature. In TRUTON's introduced parlance, that differentiation between the real physical objects of Nature and the mental ones was expressed through realtons versus6 mentalons, respectively.

As such, the physical point --the pointelon and the mathematical point can be viewed as mirror images from two different worlds: one --material, the other mental. Using again the TRUTON's introduced parlance, the mental mathematical point is being viewed as an imagetron transposition of the Mind to the Reality and vice versa.

And that transposition point-pointelon is possible to take place because of a bridge of communication (BOC) that can be established between the mathematical point and the physical pointelon via a common denominator (CODE) which exists and vested in
  • that they represent the smallest entities in their respective worlds and,
  • that they cannot be divided into smaller entities as they are both are undivisible.

From that
CODE however those two entities that emerge, the point and the pointelon, diverge into two totally different contrasting tracks as represented below:

The Point Concept of Mathematics
The Pointelon of TRUTON

1. The point has not a real existence in Nature being a position or a location, but not a real "thing," being only a mental entity residing and existing only in the Mind.

1'. The pointelon has a real material existence in Nature that exists independently from our own existence. The pointelon is definitely a real material "thing."

2. The point is dimensionless since is a place and not a "thing."

2'. The pointelon is dimensional being the smallest material entity of Nature.

3. The point has no structure or contour.

3'. The pointelon has an interior made of xenovoid (XV) --its pointhole, and a surface made of xenogel (XG) .

4. The point has no shape.

4'. The pointelon is of spherical shape.

5. The point has no affinity of any sort towards the (mathematical) space that is in as, by being an exclusive creation of the Mind, its existence is not being controlled by the space in which it resides.

5'. The pointelon, is a creation of Nature and, as such, it has an indestructible and intertwined affinity towards its environmental xenofluid (eXF) medium that is reflected in its physical characteristics and behavioral properties.

6. The point is completely inert in its (mathematical) space as no interaction exist between itself and the type of space that is in.

6'. The pointelon always is able to sense its environmental xenofluid (eXF) medium because of the bridge of communication (BOC) that exist between itself and its eXF medium.

7. The point is unchangeable as it will always remain the same regardless of the type of (mathematical) space that is in.

7'. The pointelon can change its configuration and transform itself into something else pursuant to the influence dictated by its eXF medium.

.


Aside from the physical point of Nature --the
pointelon, another foundational physical entity that we have encountered was the physical surface, called now the surfalon, to differentiate it from the mathematical concept of surface.

Again as in the pair point-pointelon, we can establish the pair surface-surfalon as representing the mirror image of their identical functionality from two different worlds: one --mental hosted by the Mind and Mathematics, the other --material surface hosted by Nature and Physics. That transposition between Mind and Reality and vice versa is possible because of the common denominator (CODE) which exist betwwen them encapsulated as dividers or separators between
  • either the interior and the exterior of an object,
  • or between various regions of the space itself.

Again, from that
CODE however, those two pair-entities that emerge, the surface and the surfalon, diverge, upon formation, into two totally different tracks that contrast as represented below:

The Surface Concept of Mathematics
The Surfalon of TRUTON

1. The surface is devoid of any materiality and exists only as a mathematical boundary of a 3-dimensional volume or as a divider of a 2-dimensional plane.

1'. The surfalon has a real material existence in Nature that exists independently from our own existence, does not exist as a space divider per se, but exists only as a separator between the interior and the exterior of a material object.

2. The surface is devoid of thickness.

2'. The surfalon has thickness that can expand and contract as dictated by its environment and/or the interior of a material object.

3. The surface has no inner structure between its inner and outer facet.

3'. The surfalon has an inner underneath xenobase (XB) structure that exists between its inner and outer facet.

4. The surface can have a multitude of shapes that Mind can devise that is subject only to mathematical constrains.

4'. The surfalon shape is derived exclusively from the outer shape of Nature's material objects and nothing else.

5. The surface has no affinity of any sort towards the (mathematical) space that is in.

5'. The surfalon has an interwoven affinity with both its environmental xenofluid (eXF) medium and the interior of the material object that is a part of it, as it is being reflected in its physical characteristics and behavioral properties.

6. The surface is completely inert in its mathematical space as no interaction exist between itself and the space that is in.

6'. The surfalon always is able to sense both, its environmental xenofluid (eXF) medium and, the interior of its material object that is part of, via its respective external and internal facets.

7. The surface, once created, it always will remain the same in the mathematical space that it was created.

7'. The surfalon can change its configuration and transform itself into something else pursuant to the influence dictated by its eXF medium.

.

.

Continuing with the introduced electron, we now make note of these immediate findings:
 On the Stability and Permanency of the Electron:
The First Fundamental Theorem of the Electron
.
The electron, upon formation, remain in a stable and permanent configuration.

Proof:
.The proof rests in the recognition placed in the fundamental Remark on RENO (through the lens of CODEC).

We start by noting that the grain of the fabric of the electron's charge (or load) --the XB-BUZO is of radial (RADI) nature while the grain of xenofluid (XF) of the spinoflon (sFL) is of transifugal (TRANSI) nature. As such, because of that discrepancy, the RENO of the xenofluid (XF) of the spinoflon (sFL) will not be able to influence the existence of the electron's XB-BUZO.

Finally, the core of the electron --the pointelon is kept intact due to the fact that its xenogel (XG) surface is being secured --through RENO-- by the minute xenovoid (XV) of its inerior.

QED

1st Fundamental Corollary
Electrons, at close range, repel each other.

The proof is straightforward due to the existence of the electron's sustained buffer zone --the XB-BUZO.


2nd Fundamental Corollary
Electrons are ergopeaks (erP).

The proof is straightforward because of the electron's xenogel (XG) surface. As such, because electrons are packets of energy surpluses (i.e., are ergopeaks), to them it need to be associated the positive (and not the negative) charge [sic!].


3rd Fundamental Corollary
Electrons, by their own nature, are vibratory particles.

The proof is based on the fact and recognition that the electrons are ergopeaks (erPs) which, as already noted, are vibratory by their own nature. Their bufferlons (BUFFs) permanently are vibrating, as they continuously oscillate minutely between their two neighboring states of existence --the xenobase (XB) and the xenothin (XT).


4th Fundamental Corollary
On the Duality Particle-Wave Behavior of the Electron, And
Of the Purported Mystery of Electron Behaviour in the Double Slit Experiment
That Ushered the Birth of the Nonsensical Quantum Mechanics


Proof:

The Double Slit Experiment with electrons, viewed today as the greatest mystery in Physics, can, in fact, with ease be explained using our acquired picture of the
electron.

The particle-wave duality of the electron's characteristic is easily understood from the fact that its core is a particle vested in the pointelon that is surrounded by a xenobase (XB) buffer zone --the XB-BUZO that is eminently compressible.

The great purported enigma of Physics, which the late Richard Feynman has called it "the central mystery" of Quantum Mechanics, was recently articulated by the American science peddler Brian Greene of Columbia University. He, along with all the rest, noted that contrary to our intuition, electrons that are fired to pass through two slits, will not leave just two (2) bands on the barrier board --as expected, but leave five (5) bands as illustrated by him below.
.How such a thing is possible?, is the 90-year old perplexing foundational question of Quantum Mechanics that begs indeed for an answer. The OBE British theoretical physicist Jim Al-Khalili of the University of Surrey even suggested that resolving that mystery of Physics through common sense and logic is a sure thing of landing on a Nobel Prize [sic!].

Brian Greene explaining to an American televised audience the great and perplexing "mystery" of science...

 

The rather simple logical explanation of that purported "fundamental mystery of Nature" lies in the particle-wave duality that is being carried by the electron's pointelon-XB_BUZO combined contribution.

Two (2) band imprint characteristic to particle behavior
(that for the
electron is being carried by its pointelon)
Three (3) band imprint characteristic to wave behavior
(that for the
electron is being carried by its XB-BUZO)
Total bands generated by the electron: 2+3=5. Mystery resolved.

QED  


Remarks:
.1. In the wave behavior of the electron, we note that the smaller the slit, the greater the angle of the spread is going to be. And that is because the smaller the slit, the greater the squeeze of the XB-BUZO is and, as such, the greater his spread is going to be --by RENO-- upon the passage of the slit.
.2. Placing and plugging-in a detector or any other plug-in device is an absolute no-no for this type of experiment because of the interference and perturbance created as recognized first by Werner Heisenberg through his Observational Indeterminacy Principle (OIP). He also brilliantly revisited this subject of the observer's interference in his 1933 Nobel address and lecture stressing the recognition of the observer effect when we enter into the particle world of Nature --in general, and that of the electron in particular.



CASE ii): AOS outside Ø.
(Note: The original holeon Ø can be of any shape and thus not necessarily the one represented in here in the blue contour.)

In this case, since the centrifugal (CF) force of the spinning spinoholon (sHL) no longer springs from the holeon's interior and thus, that CF-force (that the holeon Ø is subject to) is no lonnger radial, it follows that the external facet e of its surface will no longer be able to held in its place by that global CF-force of the spinoholon (sHL). Now, an entirely new dynamics is at work as follows:

As in the previous case i), the holeon (Ø) will first transform itself into a spherolon. However, now because the centrifugal (CF) force is no longer originating from within the holeon, its external facet e no longer will stay put. As the internal facet i begins advancing inwards by RENO and leaving behind a xenobase (XB) membrane, the external facet e, again by RENO, will immediately follow suit.

Finally, when its internal facet i reaches the xenogel (XG) state and stop self-compressing itself, the external facet e, called coverlon (COV), can
  • a) either, by inertia through INFO, continues with its motion compressing, through impingement, further the internal xenogel facet i transforming it into a xenorigid (XR) surface if enough inertial momentum exist to overpower the resistance to compression (RECO) of i,
  • b) or not be able to compress any further the internal xenogel facet i leaving it intact.

In either situations
, the external facet e , i.e., the coverlon (COV), by RENO, will go back into its environmental xenofluid (eXF), leaving behind a xenobase (XB) buffer zone --the XB-BUZO.

In case a), the newly object created is called hardtron (HD) while the object created in scenario b) is called softelon (SL).

A new shrinking-expanding cycle will begin anew. Thus, a pair of new permanent pulsating objects are being formed --the hardtrons and softelons, called collectively pulsalons (PLs), which at regular periods of time emits a "packet" of wave energy called ergon.

.

Because of its perpetual shrinking-expanding cycle, the pulsalon (PL) is a self-propellant particle whose speed, with each cycle, will increase. That accelerated motion cannot continue indefinitely as its environmental xenofluid (eXF) medium will not allow it as recognized in GUTOM.

particle-wave duality  

As such, by
GUTOM, the pulsalon (PL), in its accelerated motion, will eventually reach a point when it will disintegrate after reaching its critical speed. That disintegration is the form of splattering on the invisible xenobase (XB) wall, called basenet, that is being formed in front of the moving pulsalon (PL), as detailed below:

As the pulsalon (PL) pierces through its environmental xenofluid (eXF) medium in its accelerated motion, it will continuously stretch momentarily eXF in its frontal side. With its ever increasing speed, the pulsalon (PL) will eventually reach a speed, called the critical speed, when the eXF of its frontal side will encounter the maximum attainable stretch --the xenobase (XB) state.

An invisible xenobase (XB) membrane --the basenet, acting as an impenetrable wall, is being thus created that it will splatter the pulsalon's ergon transforming it into a burst of radiant energy that is being propagated perpendiculary to the direction of motion due to a spattering effect that takes place (figure at right). It is important to stress that, that rather subtle generated spattering effect is being imposed and produced by the pulsalon's environmental xenofluid (eXF) medium, and nothing else, in accordance to GUTOM as recognized in the 2nd FUROM.

   

Max Planck
We now note that the introduced ergon is Max Planck's monumental recognition of 1901 [see, his paper "On the Law of Distribution of Energy in the Normal Spectrum", Annalen der Physik, vol 4, p. 533 ff (1901)] that the thermal or caloric radiation is "punctuated" through "packets" of energy that he called them "energy elements." Those energy "bundles" became "quanta" of energy that eventually ushered the birth of Quantum Mechanics that now degenerated into a Hocus-Pocus Mathematical Mechanics of the Irrational.

The ergon thermal radiation, known today as the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation, erroneously is being attributed as the remnant of the bogus speculative Big Bang cosmological model of the Universe. No such a Big Bang creation ever existed in Nature!

Again, we repeat that

No such a fictional nonsensical Big Bang model responsible for the creation of our Universe, or any other universe, ever existed in Nature!

And sadly, we also repeat Max Planck's sorrowful observation that

"A new scientific truth does not triumph by convincing its opponents and making them see the light, but rather because its opponents finally die, and a new generation grows up that is familiar with it."

The softelon (SL) as you perhaps may have guessed, is the today's named photon (whose name was coined in 1926 by Gilbert N. Lewis for the smallest unit of "radiant energy").

.DO NOT OVERPASS: FOUNDATIONAL SEGMENT

2nd

|PASSAGE|

On the Propagation of Light

How light propagates in the cosmic space?, is a simple question to ask that appears to be no longer in any dispute. However its answer emerging from TRUTON is in stark contrast to the current prevailing view that, among other things, consider light to be able to travel through an absolute vacuum (AVA) unabated.

When an object moves in a vacuum, by inertia, that moving object will continue unabated with its motion. However, for light we do not have such a scenario notwithstanding its corpuscular characteristic. And that is because the photons (which make the light) engage in a certain behavioral pulsating property that it will be lost when entering into a vacuum domain. That is to say that light entering into a vacuum domain will cease to exist transforming itself into something else. Let us see if we can figure out what that "something else" could be.

Well, a photon entering into a vacuum domain will continue, by inertia, with its motion, but its pulsating characteristics will vanish transforming itself into an inert pointelon xenobase doughnut-shaped blob, called blobnut, whose XV-interior is being preserved. So, in a vacuum domain, light ceases its existence transforming itself into a train of invisible blobnuts.
Is this the only thing about this subject of light propagation in vacuum that we would like to say? Not really, and here we go...

1. For starters, absolute vacuum (AVA) does not exist in Nature and, apparently Aristotle was the first, some 2000 years ago, to recognize this and which was reinforced anew by Newton. [See, in that respect The Newton-Aristotle Principle Of Nature (NAPON).]

2. In modern time, a prime experimental result, knowing today as Casimir effect (after Hendrik Casimir) clearly shows that the known vacuum is not devoid of everything due to the fluctuations that were able to be detected. As such, nowaday to the vacuum is being associated the recognition as having in it some sort of energy. The vacuum energy concept that currently is being employed clearly supports the view of NAPON that in fact the absolute vacuum (AVA) does not reside nor exist anywhere in the space of Nature.

3. In TRUTON, this point of the non-existence of an absolute vacuum (AVA) is clearly noted when we define the concept of Nature. In TRUTON, the existence of the absolute vacuum (AVA) is being introduced as a given entity in Prena (pN) --the preexisting Nature. When Prena transforms itself into the embryonal Nature (eN), the absolute vacuum (AVA) transforms into xenovoid (XV).

4. It is essential to keep in mind that all material objects derive their behavioral characteristics from the relationship that they can establish with their ergo environmental medium. If no such medium is present and thus if that medium is the absolute vacuum (AVA), then no such behavioral properties can exist. All that has been posted in the 11th UTPOT) coupled with The Archimedes-Newton Principle (ARNEP).

5. To somehow assume that in an absolute vacuum (AVA), material objects can preserve their physical behavioral characteristics is to us such an absurdity that, to use Newton's words, "no man, who has in philosophical matters a competent faculty of thinking, can ever fall into it." And yet, exactly such an absurdity with respect to the propagation of light in vacuum current exists. The space of Nature does not contain anywhere true, absolute vacuum --an entity devoid of everything, but its own existence.
.

.

 

Through the eye of TRUTON, the centuries old perplexing particle-wave duality of the photon and thus of the light is brutally simple in its explanation. There is no "particle" nor "wave" in the TRUTON scenario. What we have here is solely a behavioral characteristic of a pulsalon (PL) and nothing else! And such a photon behaves like a particle before its coverlon (COV) splatters behaving like a wave propagating (radially) into its environmental xenofluid (eXF)!

With that recognition in place, we can confirm indeed the dual particle-wave like behaviour of the light with the
Newton-Planck Conjecture:

 A corpuscular particle (using Newton's terminology) emits intermittently "packets" of energy (using Planck's terminology).


Thus, the wave-particle behavioral characteristic of light is thus finally understood and resolved in a rational straightforward fashion.

  

Arthur Compton
And speaking of the nature of light, Arthur Compton was able to recognize, through his experiments leading to what is known today as the Compton scattering, that the properties of light cannot be explained solely as a wave phenomenon as its behavior indicate that light consist of particles if we are to explain the low-intensity Compton scattering. Light, therefore must behave as if composed of particles-like quanta as envisioned by Planck in a wave-like fashion whose energy is proportional to the wave's frequency. As such, we expand the Newton-Planck conjecture into confirming the:
Newton-Planck-Compton Principle:

 Light is a stream of corpuscular (Newton) particles emitting intermittently quanta (Planck) of energy in a particle-wave phenomenon (Compton) whose energy is proportional to its wave's frequency.

Remark 1: Light, because of its corpuscular characteristic, as already noted, of course will bend around Sun or any other star and that is not because of Einstein's lunatic theory of gravity, but is because of Newton's theory.

  

Werner Heisenberg

Remark 2: Werner Heisenberg in his 1933 Nobel lecture "The Development of Quantum Mechanics" used Compton scattering result to cement his staggering and far-reaching recognition with respect to his Observational Indeterminacy Principle (OIP).

The other class of pulsalons (PLs) that have emerged, as noted, aside from the softelons (SLs), were the hardtrons (HDs). Well, those latter particles are the today's protons (whose name was coined in 1911 by Ernest Rutherford).
.We say that the proton becomes saturated when it has acquired its xenodense xenofluid coat --the coverlon (COV), and becomes naked when it has lost its coverlon (COV). The proton's acquired COV represents the proton's load or charge.

  Fundamental Eye-Opener Remark:
On the Electrical Parity of the Electron with that of the Proton

Let us note that the proton's load or charge which is vested in its COV, when decompressed, becomes identical to the electron's charge vested in its xenobase (XB) BUZO. In other words, the electron and the proton carry the same quantity of xenosubstance (XS) in their loads or charges. And that is because those respective charges spring from one and the same entity that has two different forms of existence: the XB-form vested in BUZO and, the compressed XG-form vested in COV !

WOW, WOW, WOW! For the first time, we are able to see now WHY the magnitude of charges (or loads) of the electron and proton are equal. A truly spectacular vista has just opened in front of our eyes...

We conclude that the primons that we have discovered from the holeon transformation study presented herein, can be grouped by their sizes into two major categories: the "big" ones vested in the electron and proton that could be called collectively as megatrons and, the "small" ones, derived from pointelons collectively to be called the minilons.

Finally, alternatively primons are being called baselons (BALs) while the megatrons are being called basetrons (BATs) to reflect that they originate from the baselevel line of Nature.

 

  On the Properties of Characterization of Primons    

From the 11th UTPOT and its ANUP and FUCO, we know that primons do not have, per se, any inborn properties of characterization and that, all their properties are nothing else but expressions of the relationships that they can establish with their environmental xenofluid (eXF) medium.

The buffertron (BUFF) aka the electron, is a xenorigid (XR) ball whose interior is xenovoid (XV) and whose exterior is surrounded by a xenobase (XB) buffer zone. The outer layer of that buffer zone is the holeon's original external facet of --the e. That xenofluid (XF) surface of e that is kept by XEBA, will have the tendency by RENO to squish the holeon's XB buffer zone. Since a XB-block has a minimum resistance towards compression, the holeon's XB buffer zone (BUZO) will be able to be preserved up to a point. If that XB-resistance of BUZO is being brocken, then the xenobase (XB) BUZO will be transformed into a thin xenofluid (tXF) BUZO. However, that minute transformation of XB into tXF will not be able to be maintained because of XEBA.

A perpetual minute dance to-and-fro between XEBA and RENO will take place generating the permanent scintillation of the BUFFs buffer zone. That permanent scintillation charactheristic of a buffertron's buffer zone (BUZO) makes the BUFF (i.e., the electron) a scintillating particle that now could be renamed, viewed from this "lens," as the scintitron.

Asides from the electron's scintillating characterstic, another straightforward characteristic generating from its xenobase buffer zone (XB-BUZO) is that a BUFF, at close range, is a repellant. And that is because BUZO will not allow any close contacts. Viewed from that repellant characteristics, a BUFF (aka, electron) could be renamed as the repelitron.

Notwithstanding electron's repellant characteristic, the electron and the proton do not permanently repel themselves. And that is because, the proton in its influx phase of existence will exert a "suck-in" influence around it, generating attraction rather than repulsion. So, during that period, attraction will exist between those two basetrons --the electron and the proton.

On the other hand, in the proton's outflux phase, the attraction between those two BATs is being transformed into repulsion as both display now repellant characteristics.

So, a rather complex and intricate attraction-repulsion relationship is being established between the electron and the proton. That pull-push influence exerted by the proton will generate the complex zigzag motions of the electrons within atoms.

Contrary to the long held view and current symbol of the atom configured through a

  

  Wrong atomic model  
planetary model (figure at right), that planetary representation, as to be revealed in the next page, is not exactly right...

Electrons do indeed orbit around their atomic nuclus, but as we shall see in the next page, that is because of the intrinsic bond that was established between them and their atomic nucleus that is a spinning entity (in the true sense of the word 'spin' and not of the degenerated nomenclature employed in the nowadays Quantum Mechanics). That bond, mediated through the electrons' buffer zone (BUZO), that is tied to a spinning atomic nucleus, makes electrons execute their orbital rotational motions around their spinning atomic nucleus.

In addition, those orbital rotational motions of the electrons are of a complex zigzag pattern due to the permanent jerking that they are subjected to, due to the continuous changes of the protons' phases that form the respective atomic nucleus. And that complexity of those zigzag orbital motions of electrons increases with the increase of the number of protons involved.

  

Ernest Rutherford  


Niels Bohr

  

J. J. Thomson

The atom configuration that will emerged and be developed in the next page, called the petal connate (PECON) configuration, is a floral model that is structured in rows of petal formations generating "rosette-shells" (called rosettas) of electrons. Each such rosetta is capable of holding or storing a particular maximum number of electrons.

That floral PECON atomic model, to be reveled in the next page, will follow the trail of the 1911 model of Ernest Rutherford combined with that of Niels Bohr's 1913 model which, subsequently, have corrected and modified J. J. Thomson's primal 1904 "plum pudding" model.

However, TRUTON will not follow the trail provided by the current speculative electron "shell orbitals" formulation of the phantasmal hocus-pocus Quantum Mechanics. True to TRUTON's physical principle of causality, the TRUTON model will stay away from the speculative Quantum Mechanics picture that lacks both rationality and physical connotation or substratum.

As such, the willy-nilly electron shell orbital configuration of the generated Quantum Chemistry will come to its end as a new replacement chapter and vista is about to be open...

The TRUTON electron-model would be able indeed to open a new vista from where we can see the chemical world through a new physical foundation that should be able to lead in the creation of a new Chemistry --the Trutonian Rational Chemistry.


We now recognize that the proton intermittently attracts and repels: in its influx phase it will attract, while in its outflux period it will repell. That dual characteristics of the protons is quite remarcable indeed.

Two or more protons that emit their respective coverlon (COV) at the same identical time are said to be equiphased. Protons that are not equiphased are said to be outphased. As such, two or more equiphased protons repel themselves, while the outphased protons will attract themselves.

By the 5th FURON, through the ergoleveling process, outphased protons that are in contact will transform themselves into equiphased protons and hence, by 5th FURON, they will now repel themselves. That appears to be quite problematic in the formation of atomic nuclei if all touching protons will fly apart! Thus, in stable atomic nuclei, its outphased protons cannot touch each other! That implies that another particle must exist in an atomic nucleus that acts somehow as a buffer or a briddge between outphased protons. And that particle, as you perhaps may have guessed is the neutron to be introduced in the next section where we will be able to see how a proton, under a certain situation, can transform itself into a neutron! (The existence of neurons was first postulated in 1920 by William Draper Harkins and discovered experimentally in 1932 by James Chadwick).

The influx-outflux cycle between the naked and the saturated proton produces the so-called gamma-ray radiation within an atomic nucleus whose structure and formation is revealed in the next section.

Based on the recognition that the equiphased protons repel, while the outphased ones attract, stable atomic nuclei must be made only of outphased protons. That recognition, in turn, can lead us into advancing these points:

  • Natural radioactivity occurs for the atomic nuclei that incorporate two or more equiphased protons...
    - There must exist a finite maximum number of
    outphased protons that a stable atomic nucleus can sustain...
    - Natural radioactivity occurs only in those chemical elements whose atomic nuclei exceed that
    maximum atomic number (Z)...
    - Apparently, that upper limit number is 82 because beginning with the next chemical element (that is Bismuth) whose atomic number is 83, the natural radioactivity starts to show up. All chemical elements following Bismuth must, as well, display natural radioactive activity...
    .
  • Induced radioactivity occurs when stable atomic nuclei are being infused with radiation energy that is able to transform one or more outphased protons into equiphased protons that will become ejected from the nucleus...
    .
  • Both phases of a proton's life (its influx and outflux phase) in a spinning system are being subjugated by the dominant centrifugal (CF) force that, through its increase in strength, can generate and trigger the rupture or the splitting of atomic nuclei, called nuclear fission... A number of nuclear centrifuges, worldwide, are designed with that end in mind...

Fundamental Baselevel Remark:
Now, that we have discovered the types of primons (PRIMs) that can be formed at the ultimate baselevel line of Nature, we are able to add a most profound recognition associated to the 5th FURON in the establishment of a common denominator (CODE) between the primons and their environmental xenofluid (eXF) through
The Seventh Foundational Universal Recognition Of Nature (7th FURON): 
All Primons are Endowed from Birth with Ergoenergy

Primons, as opposed to holeons, at creation, are made of embryonal matter (eM), which in turn, is endowed with ergoenergy (erE).

.Remark 1: In recognition of this 7th FURON, primons could be called, alternatively, as ergolons. We note that this new ergolon name given to a primon adds to the other alternative name that was provided for it --the baselon. That triple nomenclature primon-ergolon-baselon can be used interchangeably as we please.
.
Remark 2: It is important to recognize that the infusion of ergoenergy (erE) into primons was done by the Spin --that foundational tool of Creation as formulated in the 12th UTPOT.


Primons, as we now undoubtedly recognize, from the
5th and 7th FURONs, have a line of communication with their xenofluid environment via their common denominator (CODE) that the ergoenergy (erE) can provide. That affinity that exist is further magnified for the already analyzed primons as they present a considerable interest due to the fact that they are the primary seeds of Nature's development and evolution.

At the nano-scale, the proton's inner contribution is indeed truly spectacular. There, the proton is able to create in its influx phase a gravitational field and, in its outflux phase a caloric field.

Hegel

  

G. W. F. Hegel
That dual recognition is trully monumental leading us to understand how stars have been formed in Nature and, to see how Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel's staggering pronouncement encapsulated in his dialectical principle of transition from quantity to quality that "quantitative change leads to qualitative change" is being mirrored in Nature at its base-level platform of Creation:

As a mass is being increased through accretion via collisions, the new mass number of protons will be increased as well, generating thus an intrinsic increase in both its created gravitational and caloric fields. And, as that mass increase continue to take place, the temperature of that mass will continue to increase as well. Hence, there will exist a point when that temperature will become so big that, by the Pop-Up Principle Of Creation (PUPOC), a new qualitative "hot" plasma object will be born, held by its own created gravity. That emerging object is indeed a newly formed "active" cosmic star.

Remark: Hegel's dialectical principle of transition represents a magnificent refutal to those that have embraced Quantum Mechanics whose foundation is based on the concocted premise, as noted, that the human Mind is biologically limited and incapable to deal, on a rational basis, with phenomena to which it has not been previously exposed.

Now, we elevate and transcend from Mind to Nature Hegel's "quantity-quality" Transitional Principle into
The Sixteen Universal Transcendental Principle Of TRUTON (16th UTPOT):
On the Universal Transitional Principle Of Creation (UTPOC)

A quantitative physical parameter cannot increase nor decrease indefinitely without leading to the creation of a qualitative change via the Pop-Up Principle Of Creation (PUPOC).


At the macro-scale, two masses therefore will seem to attract each other, because between them, a "corridor" of a lower densilevel than the rest of the surrounding eXF will be formed. Thus, those two masses are being forced by their surrounding eXF, through RENO, to "slide" towards each other generating the gravity or the gravitational attraction. Therefore, gravity is born out of proton's influx phase and is being sustained due to the fact that all stable atomic nuclei are permanent ergoholes.

Let us now note that protons, once formed, become self-propellant particles generated by their two phases of existence, their influx and outflux phases. By the fact that the xenofluid (XF) medium of the spinoholon (sHL) where the protons reside is not a homogeneous medium as the density of that XF-medium increases outwards from sHL's axis of spin (AOS), it follows from the 1st FUTOS and GUTOM, that the protons and atomic nuclei (which contain, imbedded in them, protons), will generate a radial high-energy particle radiation.
That high-energy radial particle radiation generated in a spinoholon (
sHL) from its axis of spin (AOS) is what today is being called as the "mysterious" cosmic ray.

Some spinoholons (sHLs) and spinoflons (sFLs), by the primeval dynamics of Nature (PRIDON), will collide one into another and/or with other creating new formations that are called spinoverses (SVs). Those spinoverses in turn, within a parcel of Nature (PRON), will eventually collide into others until an ultimate mega-spinoverse is being created called megaverse (MV).
Our Universe is one such megaverse. Arguably, each PRON will eventually end-up containing one ultimate megaverse (MV).
.Because of the large size of a typical megaverse, free protons and free atomic nuclei, in their radial motions, will be able to attain and reach the critical speed of disintegration and transform themselves into xenorigid dust (XRD) particles and thus, generating their xenodust (XED) radiation.



As we have seen, the holeon transformations were able to open for us an unprecedented vista towards the absolute "bottom" of Nature where the primal particles of Nature --the
primons are being formed. Before going any further, it is perhaps useful to make an inventory and classify somehow the primons (called also the baselons) that were discovered.

The holeon transformations evolved, from their inception, into two parallel tracks based on the original size of the holeon.
  • For the "big enough" holeons, their transformative track, called macrotrack, lead to the creation of the electrons and protons called collectively as the megatrons, while
  • For the "small enough" holeons, their transformative track, called microtrack, lead to the creation of photons, dustrons and darktrons called collectively as the minitrons.

The protons and the electrons --the megatrons, when viewed through the lens of being mass particles, are being called collectively also as the masstrons. They are indeed the ultimate bottom level seed-particles from where all mass objects of Nature are being born.

Remark: The so-called speculative Higgs boson particle assumed to exist (dubbed also as the "God Particle"), purported to have been discovered at CERN, and considered somehow to be responsible for the mass creation in the Universe --whatever the meaning of that purported mass creation may be, is to us such a great of an absurdity, that we believe, that no sane person could ever fall into it, provided that no brainwashing was administered and sustained.
.God, if there is one, is having a field day in seeing all that "God Particle" absurdity that is taking place in the nowadays brainwashed "new" Physics of the Tau Tau Quantum Cartel!


Last, but not least, before we leave this page, we cannot help, but marvel again at the spectacular vista that the proton was able to provide for us. The proton's extraordinary versatility vested in its attributes and capabilities that we just have discovered, so far, are being further emphasized by noting
  • that the proton, through its influx/outflux phases, is able to generate intermittently both the caloric (C) and the gravitational (G) fields. Those C and G fields, which are antagonistic one to another as they act in opposite directions (with caloric radiation acting outwards and the gravity acting inwards), represent the two major inner opposing players in Nature. The balance of those two base field forces governing Nature at its baselevel state, called the base ergofield balance of Nature (BEBON), essential in keeping in place the integrity of atomic nuclei, springs from the regonition that their base origin is one and the same --the proton;
  • that protons, through their created Caloric (C) and Gravitational (G) fields, are responsible, through the accretion of matter via collisions, for generating the formation of stars in Nature;
  • that the primal protons derived from holeons, by being self-propellant particles, will generate the primal dynamics of protons (PDP). That PDP significantly enhances the proton's pivotal role in shaping up the evolutionary course of Nature. And that is because the primal outcome that emerges from PDP is the creations of the entire spectrum of new primons! In other words, all new primons can be formed only through the existence of the moving protons! All that and much, much more is part of the next page.

 

      

Kalman Klim Brattman
Under Construction